Varicose veins

Varicose veins

Varicose Veins are among the common diseases, as many people exposed to it, whether in the veins of the body in general, or the veins of the legs in particular. The legs considered one of the most places where varicose veins spread as a result of standing and walking a lot, and many factors the other.

And patients with mild varicose veins in veins can deal with it through plastic surgery, and it will soon disappear, and this is the type that is common among many people.

Sometimes varicose veins cause a lot of pain and pain, and many people don’t know about it, whether they are severe or not.

They are dangerous at times, and sometimes they cause significant problems that lead to other more severe diseases related to blood flow in the body.

It is possible to treat it in the simplest of self-ways, and the doctor can treat them by blocking or removing veins.

Symptoms of varicose veins

Sometimes they don’t cause pain, but some symptoms cause varicose veins:

  • The appearance of veins in blue or purple.
  • The presence of twisting veins and swollen.
  • Blue or red twisted veins appear on the legs from above, which are symptoms of varicose veins.
  • Varicose veins appear in many places in the legs, from the thighs to the foot.
  • Feeling pain and pain in the feet, with feeling heavy in the legs.
  • Muscle cramps in the lower legs and swelling, with a burning sensation.
  • Itching is sometimes found around only one of the veins or in more than one vein.
  • Skin ulcers appear in the area near the ankle, but this symptom may indicate infection with one of the serious diseases that you should consult a doctor about.
  • There is a condition similar to varicose veins called spider webs, and the veins are smaller than varicose veins and appear blue or red, and appear on the face and feet and resemble the spider web.

Causes

  • Arteries do their job, which is to transfer blood from the heart to all tissues in the body, and on the contrary, veins transfer blood from parts of the body to the heart. So to return blood to the heart again, the veins of the legs must work against gravity from the bottom up.
  • The contractions that are found in the muscles of the lower legs because they work as blood pumps, while the soft walls that are found in the veins help the blood to return to the heart again.
  • The small valves that are in the veins when blood is pumped to the heart open and close so that the blood doesn't go back when it flows towards the heart.

Common causes include the following

  • Age: Aging causes the veins to lose their ductility, which causes them to dilate, making the valves contained in the veins weaker and consequently returning the blood that is pumped back to the heart, thus accumulating in the veins, causing them to expand and causing varicose veins to form. The retrograde blood, which causes varicose veins, lacks oxygen, making it blue.
  • Pregnancy: Varicose veins increase in pregnancy, and this occurs even though pregnancy increases the amount of blood in the body, the flow of blood from the legs to the pelvis decreases significantly. This change is the main reason in which it is feeding the fetus, but this causes the widening of the veins of the legs, which leads to the emergence of varicose veins.
  • And it gets worse with the progress in the months of pregnancy, as the greater the size of the fetus, the causes more pressure on the area of ​​the legs. Which causes an increase in varicose veins in the foot, and the change in hormones during pregnancy helps the emergence of varicose veins. Still, most varicose veins that appear during pregnancy disappear within no more than three months after birth.

Causes of increased risk of varicose veins

  • Aging: Varicose veins appear most often in the older age group and usually begin to appear from the age of thirty years, up to seventy years. If he older, the risk of them is higher because aging works to erode the veins and valves, whose functions are to help the blood to flow, and thus the erosion works to return the blood back, causing it to collect varicose veins.
  • Gender: It is known that women are more likely than men to develop varicose veins. Because female hormones present in a woman's body cause relaxation in the walls of the veins, which leads to its formation , and when taking hormones, this causes an increased risk of varicose veins.
  • Hormonal changes that occur to women during the menstrual period and in the menopause period also help increase the incidence of varicose veins in women, and varicose veins in pregnancy increase even as a result of hormonal changes in this period.
  • Genetic factors: Since if a family member, especially a parent, suffers from varicose veins, the probability of a more significant injury is more likely.
  • Obesity: Since the extra weight and obesity cause more pressure on the veins, which causes varicose veins, especially varicose veins in the foot.
  • Stand for a long time: This is because standing up makes blood flow less efficient, which leads to the appearance of varicose veins, especially varicose veins in the foot.

Varicose veins treatment

It is worth noting that varicose veins and their treatment methods vary according to their condition, as light varicose veins do not need a long period of treatment.

Self-care treatment

  • Doing exercise.
  • Get rid of obesity and extra weight.
  • Avoid wearing tight clothing.
  • Avoid standing for long periods.

Rubber socks

  • Rubber socks used as the first step to treatment, and this treatment is dependent on the pressure on the leg by wrapping the socks on it, and thus blood flows into the veins and muscles in the legs more efficiently. These socks should be worn all day, and the pressure varies according to the type of socks, and their trademark. There are multiple colors of rubber socks that treat varicose veins in the foot, and the patient chooses the right and comfortable type for them.
  • Rubber socks are chosen by leg length as well, the socks are supposed to be sturdy, but they shouldn't be clenched, the wearing of socks may not be suitable for arthritis and weak hands, and there are specific devices designed to help them wear them.

Treating the most severe cases

Since in some cases, varicose veins constitute a high risk, you need treatment by performing various operations, including the following:

Varicose veins injection

  • Where treatment is carried out through the injection of varicose veins.
  • The veins are injected with substances that aid in treatment.
  • This process is used with small veins and fine capillaries.
  • The process is done using a very fine needle, which changes the shape of the veins.
  • The doctor wraps the part of the leg that has been treated by applying cotton and pressure ligament to adhere to the walls of the vein to each other, which leads to the treatment of the problem of the vein absorption of blood.
  • The specialist determines the number of sessions the patient needs for treatment, and it is possible that he needs two or four sessions, and determines the duration of one session that reaches 25 minutes, and all depends on the patient's condition.
  • The patient can do all his daily activities after the end of the treatment period, which takes one to two weeks, but it is better not to be exposed to the sun until six weeks after the operation.
  • Varicose veins, their aches, and pains disappear immediately after the operation in some people, and some may take some time.
  • Sometimes varicose veins return after injection unless the procedure performed correctly, then varicose veins don't return.
  • Varicose veins may not injected during pregnancy or breastfeeding, or for thromboembolism patients who take blood thinners treatments.
  • This operation cannot performed for individuals who have respiratory problems or skin diseases.

Side effects of varicose veins injection

There are some side effects that patients experience after performing the injection, as follows:

  • Pigmentation: a light brown color appears above the vein that we injected. This color disappears within a few weeks, and it disappears permanently without any trace of it within a year from the date of the injection.
  • Itching and skin irritation: The patient feels irritation and itching in the vein and the surrounding area, and this symptom disappears within two days only.
  • Bruises: In some injections, a small amount of blood collects into the vein, causing it to bruise, but the presence of a compressive ligament on the site reduces the accumulation of water after treatment.
  • Pain: The patient may feel some pain, which is normal, as the substance used in the injection causes this mild pain, and the patient can avoid it by taking some mild analgesics.
  • The appearance of small varicose veins: sometimes, the patient may appear small ones or capillaries, which are superficial. These will disappear within a period ranging between three months and a year, and if they don't end, they also injected.
  • Ulcers: This ulcer doesn't appear in some cases in which the doctor gives the patient some treatments, and it takes one to two months for us to completely get rid of them.
  • Allergy: The doctor must followed continuously by the patient from the time the injection occurs so that he can rest assured if he has an allergy to the active ingredient or not.

Medical advice for the success of  the injection

The patient must follow some medical advice after the injection to ensure the success of the operation, including the following advice:

  • When the patient performs the injection and does not apply a pressure bandage to the wound, he will experience allergic reactions in the skin and the appearance of some bubbles. So the ligament should continue to applied for a period ranging between two and four weeks. Depending on the patient's condition, and the ligament should changed daily.
  • The patient bathes with warm water a day after the injection.
  • Sunscreen should used in order not to cause pigmentation at the injection site.
  • The patient can practice his healthy life. But you must walk for no more than a quarter of an hour, and then take a rest. Also, the patient must avoid standing for a long time, or sit for a long time as well. Moreover, the legs should raised while sitting while making it above the level of the heart.
  • The patient should stay away from intense exercises. Such as running, tummy tuck, and other strenuous exercises.
  • Analgesics shouldn't taken for more than ten days from the time of injection.
  • The patient follows up with the doctor periodically for a period of one to two weeks.

Laser surgery

  • This process is one of the latest technologies. During which the doctor places the vein under the ultrasound machine, then performs local anesthesia for the patient. Then the doctor inserts optical fibers, or exposing the veins to an electrical wire this wire generates heat energy.
  • And the treatment of varicose veins by laser characterized by its high rate of success. And that the patient can practice his healthy life shortly after the operation.

Treatment with surgical procedures

  • Sometimes these operations succeed, while others fail, and the varicose veins return, and the patient feels her pain and aches after years of working the process.
  • These operations cannot performed for people who are obese.
  • Sometimes the patient experiences some complications such as pollution, anesthesia problems, and other problems.
  • They can treated with varicose veins by concealing the veins, or by cutting the vein with a simple surgery that doesn’t require bed rest.

Varicocele treatment

Treatment of varicose veins in the testicle varies from person to person; sometimes the patient doesn't need treatment, but some of the patients need treatment, especially in the case of the influence of varicose veins in their ability to have children.

Sometimes a varicocele patient exposed to testicular atrophy and a feeling of some aches and pains. If the semen result isn't good, the patient needs Varicocele treatment.

Varicocele diagnosed by standing up. The doctor examines the testicles, and works to discover the strange bumps and lumps in the testicles.

The doctor evaluates the size and location of the testis and examines the spermatic cord as well, and the doctor use ultrasound in the examination.

The treatment carried out by closing the swollen vein until the bloodstream flows into the natural veins. And it is possible to treat Varicocele treatment by the following methods:

  • Open surgery: The treatment done here by making a surgical incision in the inguinal region until the veins that deliver blood to the testicles reached. It performed under general or local anesthesia, and the complications of this surgery are straightforward. Which summarized by feeling some mild pain.
  • Laparoscopic surgery: This surgery done by making a small incision in the abdomen. Then, a precise instrument passed through this incision to see the varicose veins in the testicles. And then do treatment, and under general anesthesia.
  • Transcutaneous embolization: where the Varicocele treatment treated by inserting a tube into the abdomen or neck area to pass the required tools used by the surgeon. A small camera inserted that depicts the veins in the testicle and displays them on a screen, then injected with a solution working on their scarring. Which it works to clog up and get rid of bloating.

varicose veins in the testicles

Some signs show us the presence of them in the testicle, which helps to discover the treatment early, as follows:

  • The mass appears in any of the testicles.
  • Note the presence of swelling in the scrotum.
  • The veins in the scrotum enlarged and twisted.
  • Feeling and repeating some pain in the scrotum.
  • Having fertility impairment.

All aspects of varicose veins. Their causes, and methods of treatment. As well as their symptoms that help us in the early detection of the case, have presented.

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