High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
High Blood Pressure is one of the most common diseases, especially in the age group after the age of forty. It is one of the chronic diseases that people with high blood can befriend and live with by regulating food and taking treatment regularly on time.
It is known that high blood pressure in many cases, complications are serious, affect most parts of the body, and can cause heart attacks and strokes.
Many people suffer from high blood pressure but don't know, and it is worth noting that the disease can easily identified by measuring it with a special device that, or by knowing its symptoms.
Symptoms of high blood pressure
Often patients develop blood pressure and do not show any symptoms. Still, it has several symptoms that appear when high pressure reaches advanced stages; we can identify them as follows:
- Mild aches and pains in the head, and some people, they are severe pain.
- Feeling dizzy.
- Bleeding from the nose, which is a symptom of advanced blood pressure.
Several causes lead to hypertension, but before identifying the causes, we must identify the types of blood pressure first to get to know the causes.
type of high blood
- Primary hypertension: It represents 90% - 95% of the cases that affect adults, whose causes we cannot tell, as this type of pressure develops gradually over several years.
- Secondary hypertension: 5% - 10% of cases this type of pressure occurs because they suffer from other diseases, and this pressure appears surprisingly.
Its rates are higher than initial hypertension, and the following causes are
- Kidney disease.
- Adrenal gland.
heart health including heart failure and cardiovascular disease
- Congenital heart defects that cause high blood pressure.
- Some medicines are considered causes of sudden high blood pressure, including contraceptive drugs, cold remedies, and decongestion.
- Pain relievers that need a prescription or without any prescriptions.
- Drugs such as cocaine and some nerve stimuli such as Amphetamine.
Some dangerous causes increase the risk. Among them are uncontrollable and dangerous factors that can be controlled
Uncontrollable risk factors
- Age: As this disease affects most of those old adults, and all the old age, the probability of infection with this disease is greater, and men are more affected at the beginning of middle age. At the same time, women are more affected after menopause.
- Genetic factor: As many individuals who develop blood pressure, their children inherit this disease, as they have physical genetic factors that make them vulnerable to high blood pressure.
Controllable risk factors
- Obesity: The more the body needs, the greater amount of blood is needed for us to deliver oxygen and food to the rest of the body. The more blood that is flowing into the blood vessels in the body, the greater the pressure on the arteries.
- Physical and motor inactivity: The heart works faster in people who aren’t physically active, has less movement, and the faster it works, the more effort it takes on each constriction it causes, and thus increases pressure on the arteries.
- Smoking: Smoking is one of the causes of sudden hypertension directly. The chemicals in tobacco negatively affect the arteries of the heart, cause narrowing of the arteries, and thus be a cause of high blood pressure.
- Food is highly salt: As the increase in salt in the food works to retain fluids in the body, it is known that fluid retention leads to hypertension.
- Food low in potassium: Potassium works to maintain the normal sodium level in the body. When we do not consume a sufficient amount of potassium, this leads to the accumulation of sodium in the blood, which increases blood pressure.
- Nutrition is low in Vitamin D: According to some researchers, Vitamin D has a great ability to influence a specific enzyme that the kidneys produce, and it affects blood pressure.
- Drinking alcohol: Getting used to alcohol causes the release of some hormones that increase blood pressure, and thus cause it to rise.
- Tension: Anxiety and tension cause high blood pressure, but temporarily, and it can be treated by relaxing, but you should stay away from smoking and drinking alcohol at this time so that the problem of high blood pressure does not complicate further.
- Chronic diseases: Chronic diseases such as diabetes, liver problems, kidneys, and cholesterol cause a significant increase in blood pressure, and pregnancy, in some cases, also causes high blood pressure. Still, it will disappear in most cases after birth.
The risk factor in Children
- Causes of high blood pressure in children: Although high blood pressure often occurs in the elderly and adults. Some children also develop blood pressure as a result of the presence of some chronic diseases or deficiencies in their body functions, such as deficiency in the functions of the heart or kidneys or poor nutrition and life habits the bad ones.
Treatments and ways to manage high blood pressure
The blood pressure patient must continuously communicate with the doctor to follow up on the pressure. As the doctor uses different treatment mechanisms, each case is different from the other in the treatment methods, so the high blood pressure patient shouldn’t take any medications on his own.
And the patient must follow the treatment plan as prescribed by the doctor, where the doctor gives a large dose to the patient, and then this dose is gradually reduced, and after the treatment is given to the patient and the patient does not respond to treat another type of therapy or combination of treatments is dispensed.
The doctor begins administering two types of blood pressure treatments in cases where the blood pressure exceeds 90/140 mmHg. Sometimes, two types of drugs are combined with each other; to make it easier for patients to take treatment, take only one dose of therapy. The doctor determines the dose of the drug and the type of medicine according to several factors:
- The degree and severity of high blood pressure.
- Side effects that affect the patient.
- The gender of a sick person, a man or a woman, age, and medical history.
- If the patient suffers from some other chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cholesterol, and other diseases.
- The drug prices are appropriate for the patient's physical condition or not.
Through regulation in our way of life, we can overcome the disease and treat it better, and that is done through a proper diet with regular exercise, but this isn't enough sometimes. Blood pressure isn't regulated only by taking some medical treatments that the specialist prescribes.
Including the following treatments
- Diuretics help greatly regulate the pressure that usually rises due to water retention in the body.
- Your doctor may also prescribe ACE inhibitors.
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers.
- Treatments also include calcium channel blockers.
- Renin-inhibitors used to treat high blood pressure.
And in some cases where we can control high blood pressure and treat it through previous medications, and for cases of blood pressure that we cannot control.
The doctor prescribes the following treatments
- Alpha-blocker blockers.
- The doctor prescribes an alpha-beta blocker.
- Treatments that expand the blood vessels.
- Upon successful treatment, the doctor then reduces the daily dose, and instead of one type of drug gives a group of drug treatments, but with a low dose instead of a kind with a high dose.
- Diuretics work to get rid of the water retained in the body and thus increase the kidney's ability to get rid of the sodium in the body with urine. When getting rid of excess sodium, the vessels' volume decreases, and the high blood pressure decreases.
- Three types of diuretics are different depending on the case, diuretics (thiazide), loop diuretics, and potassium-sparing diuretics, and some diuretics that are combined in one pill with Antihypertensive treatments.
Treating high blood pressure with alternative therapies
There are some treatments for herbs that help treat high blood pressure, including the following herbs:
- Basil: In addition to the basil delicious flavor and great aroma, it contains a chemical compound is Eugenol, and this compound helps to block the substances that narrow the blood vessels. Thus lowering blood pressure, and the basil can added to salad and soups, and some put it in drinks.
- Cinnamon: A study done on some rodents by giving them cinnamon intravenously. And its result was great to reduce sudden hypertension in the body, and it has not proven whether orally it takes the same effect or not.
- Hawthorn: Among the herbs that used in the treatment of hypertension with alternative therapies in China, and through a study that done on rodents, it turned out that it has many health benefits for the heart and blood vessels, and it has a great ability to treat high pressure in blood, as it treats high cholesterol. Wild hawthorn ingested in many forms, including tablets, tea, or liquid extracts.
- French Lavender: Lavender seeds known to reduce pressure and reduce the rate of pressure pulses, and some use their seeds to make baked goods, and their leaves used in the same way as rosemary herbs.
- Celery seeds: Celery seeds have used since ancient times in China to treat high blood pressure, as celery helps to generate urine, and thus works to reduce blood pressure, and many people use celery in the work of many foods. Such as soup, and others.
- Uncaria tomentosa: The Uncaria tomentosa helps treat high blood pressure, nervous system disorders, and the effect of the Uncaria tomentosa is by affecting the calcium channels and is provided in the form of nutritional supplements.
Some other alternative therapies help treat hypertension, including the following
- Cod liver oil.
- Omega 3.
- The Garlic.
Treatment with a water
Some people raise their blood pressure due to dehydration and lack of water. We can treat it with water very simply because the lack of water reduces the body's ability to transfer blood normally. And thus works to shrink the blood vessels to try to preserve the water in the body.
Treatment for High Blood Pressure with exercise
Some exercises help lower pressure, including the following:
- Stretching exercise: It done by doing the arms stretching, and the legs also extend before and after exercise, and this works to make the muscles ready for activity while preventing their stretching.
- Cardiovascular exercise, this type of exercise helps to strengthen the heart significantly and works to improve the lungs, which allows the body to use oxygen more efficiently and helps to reduce pressure significantly.
Some aerobic exercises help to reduce pressure significantly, including the following exercises:
- Walking sport.
- Running sport.
- Cycling sport.
- Water aerobic exercise.
It is one of the dangerous types of pressure. As patients with pulmonary hypertension are unable to carry out their simplest daily tasks. They suffer from severe chest tightness and difficulty breathing when performing the simplest activities.
Among the symptoms of pulmonary hypertension are the following:
- Patients suffer from difficulty breathing to the point that they cannot perform their healthy lives. And in some cases, they cannot even walk very short distances.
- The patient exhibits some symptoms of hypoxia in the blood. Which are cyanosis of the lips and cyanosis of the fingertips.
- Patients required to maintain physical fitness that helps them avoid significant crises.
Because the symptoms of this disease are similar to those of other diseases, it is difficult to recognize. Its diagnosis delayed for a long time of three years and more. Which makes this disease more severe and difficult to treat. More recently, awareness has become more, whether by patients or doctors, and the diagnosis of this disease now made by examining the lungs.
It is easy to diagnose pulmonary hypertension by examining lung function. Computerized tomography (CT) of the chest, and blood tests, and radioisotope imaging of the lungs. Treatment carried out by widening the blood vessels in the lungs, and in mild cases. The treatment carried out through drugs for high pressure.
In dangerous cases, treatment carried out using some drugs that considered to be from the family of Prostacyclin. In some cases, nebulizers given, and in the case of non-benefit treatment is a lung transplant.
Diastolic hypertension (buttom number)
- This type of blood pressure spreads in the elderly and comes because of the massive blood pumping. Which works to develop atherosclerosis, or strokes and strokes. Systolic hypertension occurs when the pressure measured. It turns out to be high; that is. It ranges between 120 millimeters of mercury and more than 140 millimeters of mercury, which makes a person enter a dangerous stage. And diastolic hypertension controlled by changing daily bad habits, staying away from smoking, treating obesity, and not eating salts.
- And high blood pressure disease can lived through a healthy lifestyle, and in some cases that detected early. It treated by changing bad habits and some simple treatments.
Systolic pressure (top number)
As for the systolic pressure, it is the upper reading in the numerator, whose normal range is between 90 and 120 mmHg and measures the force of blood against the arterial walls when pumping blood to the body.
High systolic pressure is more common in older adults over 65 years of age. And it is controlled through drug treatments prescribed by the doctor, or by changing the lifestyle. Such as avoiding salt consumption, losing excess weight, increasing physical activity...etc.