High Blood Cholesterol
High Blood Cholesterol
High Blood Cholesterol is one of the most prevalent diseases in recent times, representing a great danger to people's lives and leading to other diseases. Cholesterol is a compound found in all cells of the body, and it is vital, as the body uses it to build many new cells and produce essential hormones. When High Blood Cholesterol rises in the blood, this leads to the occurrence of fatty deposits in the blood vessels of the body, and this works to impede blood flow in the arteries naturally.
When high cholesterol in the body occurs, two things hazardous to the body. The body won't get the amount of blood filled with oxygen, which it needs to exercise its functions naturally, therefore subject to heart attacks, as High Blood Cholesterol works not to reach blood goes to the brain naturally, leading to cerebral stroke and stroke.
Types of cholesterol
It differs according to the type of cholesterol carried on lipoproteins, and it is of three types as follows:
1. Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL):
Its function is to transport harmful cholesterol (LDL), which causes the arteries to narrow due to its accumulation on its walls.
2. Very - low-density lipoprotein - VLDL:
As this lipoprotein contains many triglycerides, it considered a type of lipid that binds to proteins in the blood. The risk lies here when the cholesterol molecules accumulate and accumulate, making them larger than usual, which works to narrow the blood vessels in the body.
If the patient does blood tests, and the result is high VLDL, and he is already taking treatments for high cholesterol, he must consult a doctor for additional treatment because VLDL is rich in triglycerides significantly.
3. High-density lipoprotein (High Cholesterol - DL):
In this type, it collects excess cholesterol, then returns it to the liver.
Causes of High Blood Cholesterol
- All movements of cholesterol in the blood vessels in the body are through its binding to some proteins (protein). The fusion process that takes place between protein and cholesterol is called lipoprotein or lipoprotein.
- Types of cholesterol must be known first to know the causes of high cholesterol, as the reasons depend on the kind of cholesterol.
There are many causes of high cholesterol for reasons we can control, and reasons we cannot control, as follows:
Causes of high cholesterol that can controlled
- Lack of movement and physical activity.
- Weight gain.
- Eating an unhealthy, unbalanced diet.
- Causes of uncontrollable high cholesterol
Several reasons lead to high total cholesterol in the blood, but the causes are beyond our control, and it isn't easy to control them.
Causes which not easy to control as follows
- Smoking: Smoking causes damage to the walls of blood vessels and becomes unable to perform their functions. Thus fatty deposits are further accumulated, and smoking works to reduce the level of HDL good cholesterol in the body.
- Weight gain: As weight gain greatly affects the cholesterol level in the blood and leads to its rise, in the case that the body mass index - BMI rate is higher than 30, this often leads to high cholesterol in the blood.
- Unhealthy food: Eating foods with a high cholesterol level such as red meat, and foods containing fats, such as milk products. Work to raise the cholesterol level in the blood, and eating trans fats, which are found in the chips, increases the cholesterol level in the blood as well.
- Lack of motor activity: The lack of motor activity leads to an increase in the level of harmful cholesterol in the body, and the increase in motor activity dramatically increases the level of good cholesterol in the blood.
- High blood pressure: As high blood pressure causes the weakening of the arteries and their inability to perform their functions well, which leads to the accumulation of fatty deposits inside the arteries.
- Diabetes: The high level of diabetes increases LDL cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol.
Otherwise, there are some uncontrollable causes states as
- Family disease: If one of the parents suffers from heart disease in the age group before reaching fifty years, then this is more likely to have heart disease if you suffer from high blood cholesterol.
- Genetic factors: It can cause the liver to produce large amounts of cholesterol, and genetics can prevent the body from eliminating excess LDL cholesterol.
There are some foods rich in harmful cholesterol, which makes them helps to raise the level of cholesterol in the blood, and we can identify them so that we avoid them as possible.
Foods rich in Cholesterol include the following foods:
- Turkey meat.
- The increase in eating foods containing a large amount of sugar, especially table sugar, leads to high blood sugar levels, which is accompanied by an increase in the harmful cholesterol level and a decrease in the beneficial cholesterol level.
- Mashed potatoes when some foods are added to it, such as cream, milk, butter, and cream.
- Many people love pizza, and it contains a large percentage of fat and calories.
- All full-fat dairy products.
- Some oils like coconut oil, palm oil, and cocoa butter.
- Ghee contains a large percentage of saturated fats that help greatly to block arteries and high harmful cholesterol.
- All pies and pastries are calories large.
- Popcorn filled with fat and hydrogenated oils.
Symptoms of High Blood Cholesterol
It is known that the detection of high cholesterol in the blood is done through the work of medical tests and analyzes. To discover the disease early, we must understand the symptoms of high cholesterol that we are exposed to, and high cholesterol its symptoms are as follows:
- Feeling of swelling and numbness in the extremities due to fat accumulation, which hinders the proper functioning of the circulatory system.
- Bad breath, which is called (halitosis), because the liver is significantly affected by high cholesterol, and therefore affects digestion.
- Abdominal distension and indigestion.
- Feeling of headache and dizziness, due to the lack of blood circulation well due to high cholesterol, and thus affects the supply of cells with oxygen.
- Feeling chest pain is one of the most dangerous symptoms of High Blood Cholesterol. You should consult a doctor immediately, as it could be the start of clots in the heart, due to high cholesterol and the accumulation of fat in the arteries.
- Feeling of general weakness, chronic fatigue all the time, and being unable to make any effort.
- It may affect eyesight and cause many problems, including yellowing of the eyes, eye inflammation, swelling and swelling, and sometimes even a lack of clarity of vision.
- Skin problems such as red spots, itching, and urticarial may occur.
- Allergy to some types of food.
Treating High Blood Cholesterol
Treatment of cholesterol is mostly through changing the wrong lifestyle that led to increased cholesterol. That is, you must follow a healthy diet free of fats, do physical activity permanently, and away from smoking, and try to reduce weight as possible.
If the body doesn't respond to these lifestyle changes, and the cholesterol level continues to rise, the specialist must be consulted immediately to dispense medications that appropriate for treating High Blood Cholesterol.
The doctor dispenses one type of medicine or combines a group of medications, depending on the health condition, age, and medical history of each patient.
Medicinally high cholesterol treatment
There are some medications that the doctor dispenses to the patient, including the following treatments:
- Cholesterol-lowering medications: As they called statins, or cholesterol-lowering medications. The action of these medications is block the substance that the liver needs to secrete cholesterol. Thus making the liver get rid of the cholesterol in the blood.
- Resins for bile acids: These drugs reduce cholesterol in the body. But indirectly by binding bile acids, thus making the liver use excess cholesterol to produce more bile, and thus treat high cholesterol.
- Cholesterol absorption inhibitors: As the small intestine absorbs cholesterol from food and then releases it into the bloodstream, these treatments help the small intestine not absorb the food's cholesterol.
- Injections: These called PCSK9 inhibitors, and these drugs work to make the liver absorb more LDL cholesterol, which helps lower cholesterol in the blood.
Treating high cholesterol with herbs
Some herbs help significantly in treating high cholesterol, including the following herbs:
- Sugar cane: Sugar cane has proven to be very useful in eliminating harmful cholesterol in the body. According to many studies, it is beneficial for menopausal women, who are more vulnerable to high levels of cholesterol in the blood.
- Artichoke: As the artichoke leaves greatly help in the metabolism of fats, high cholesterol treated, and high triglycerides also treated. It also cleans the arteries and blood vessels from the accumulation of fat in them. This helps to protect people from exposure to heart attacks and heart disease.
- Green tea: Green tea known to contain a large percentage of antioxidants. Which help significantly to reduce harmful cholesterol in the blood. So we find that green tea used in all diets that help reduce weight.
- Fenugreek: Fenugreek reduces the level of harmful cholesterol in the blood by absorbing excess fat in the intestine. Which caused by foods rich in fat.
- Cinnamon: It has a great ability to lower cholesterol, and it added to many foods.
- Coriander: Several studies have proven that coriander has a great ability to treat High Blood Cholesterol, and helps treat triglycerides, and also treats diabetes. Which is one of the causes of high cholesterol.
- Beetroot: Beetroot contains a large amount of soluble fiber. These fibers reduce the oxidation of harmful cholesterol in the body and thus help not form on the wall of the heart's arteries.
- Flaxseed: Flaxseed contains a large group of fibers that help reduce cholesterol in the blood. As eaten when wanting to reduce weight. Therefore, we can reduce cholesterol by reducing weight and eliminating obesity.
The importance of Chilli and Garlic
- Chili: Chili contains capsaicin, and contains other semi-alkaline components. Which makes it greatly helps to reduce the proportion of triglycerides in the blood, and also these components work to reduce low-density lipoprotein, which helps to treat high cholesterol.
- Garlic: Since garlic works to improve blood circulation and circulation, and it has a significant effect in reducing triglycerides and treating high blood pressure, it works to reduce harmful fats in the blood, and it protects people from exposure to different clots.
low beneficial cholesterol
- HDL good cholesterol is known to fight harmful LDL cholesterol in the body. Thereby achieving a balance of fatty substances in the body. When the beneficial cholesterol is more than harmful. This indicates that the body condition is good, and vice versa, when the harmful cholesterol is high.
- Some studies have proven that the lack of C-reactive proteins works to decrease the beneficial protein in the body, and its increase leads to an increase in the useful protein. This condition often accompanies the occurrence of some heart attacks.
Symptoms of low beneficial cholesterol
There are symptoms of low beneficial cholesterol in the blood, including the following symptoms:
- Imbalance of metabolic syndromes and gastrointestinal disturbances.
- There are some distortions in the areas that distribute the fat on the body.
- An increase in the size of the waist.
- High blood pressure.
- High blood sugar.
- Increased risk of coronary artery disease.
- Increased risk of developing atherosclerosis.
- The decrease in the oxidation of other lipoproteins that found in the body.
Causes of low beneficial cholesterol
There are some genetic causes found in a person's genetics. There are also some reasons related to the wrong lifestyle that we practice, which relates to food, activity, movement, and other errors. The causes can presented as follows:
- The presence of some thyroid disorders.
- Increased intake of alcohol.
- Infections are among the causes of low beneficial cholesterol.
- Sediments of the bile.
- Treatments that used to treat harmful cholesterol and their side effects reduce the good cholesterol in the body.
- Low-level omega-3 fatty acids found in the bloodstream.
- Cholesterol absorption inhibitors.
- Having type 2 diabetes, which is one of the most dangerous types.
- Lack of hormones in the body, such as estrogen and thyroid hormone, and increasing these hormones helps to increase the good cholesterol in the body.
Some foods rich in beneficial cholesterol
Some foods contain substances in their composition that increase beneficial cholesterol in the body, including the following:
- Beans and most legumes are a good sources of soluble fiber.
- Olive oil.
- Whole grains.
- Fatty fish containing omega-3.
- All kinds of nuts, such as pistachios and hazelnuts.
- Chia seeds.
- Some fruits, including plums, apples, and pears.
- Red wine.
In conclusion, High Blood Cholesterol can controlled by changing our lifestyle by making it healthier. And if the causes that led to its high control can controlled.