Heart Disease

Heart disease

Heart disease has a significant impact on the heart and its functions, whether these diseases are severe or straightforward, and coronary syndrome in all its forms is one of the most prevalent heart diseases.
It is known that coronary blood vessels are the blood vessels circulating on the outer side of the heart muscle, whose main functions are to conduct blood to the heart. We will talk about all heart diseases, their causes and symptoms, methods of diagnosis, treatment, and how to prevent them.

 

When does heart disease occur?

  • Heart disease occurs when atherosclerosis (i.e., accumulation of a layer that forms a mixture of calcium and fat) occurs within the coronary blood vessels, or when a constriction of the blood vessels occurs, causing narrowing in their hollows, which impedes the delivery of blood to a heart muscle.
  • The presence of any problem, even if it is simple in the heart muscle, or in its ability to contract, causes a decline in the ability of the heart to contract, and this decline can be temporary or permanent. And when the heart's ability to contract decreases, this leads to a drop in the blood pumping process for all vital parts of the body, which leads to angina pectoris, and when sustained damage to the heart muscle leads to myocardial infarction.
  • Those who are subjected to angina, or exposed to myocardial infarction, can know that they have a problem through some of the symptoms that appear on him, such as feeling some pain and pressure on the chest wall. The pain is accompanied by some other symptoms, such as sweating, nausea, and tightness, self and suffocation, weakness, and general weakness. And when people are exposed to this, you should consult a doctor immediately because it indicates heart disease, and the specialist doctor has several options for treatment, where drug treatments can be used first, or a catheter so that it can open and expand the closed blood vessels quickly. And all of these problems can be avoided by staying away from smoking, getting rid of excess weight and obesity, maintaining a balance of blood lipids, and carrying out physical activity.
  • It is possible that the doctor needs to perform a process called coronary artery bypass graft, and this process can be done quickly in case the case requires rapid intervention, and it can be done after all medical examinations are done and discover that the condition needs surgical intervention.
  • The heart muscle sometimes develops vasculitis due to infectious heart diseases that are the leading cause of infection by viruses, which are caused by excessive alcohol consumption and drug use, or because of some interactions in which the immune system interferes with the body.

 

Symptoms of heart disease

When talking about heart diseases and their symptoms, we find that the symptoms differ according to the disease, and they are as follows:

 

Symptoms of Cardiovascular Disease - CVD

Vascular heart disease is caused by narrowing of the blood vessels, stiffness, or blockage, as this leads to not all of the body's organs receiving enough blood that they need, such as the heart, brain, and other organs.
Symptoms include:
  • Feeling of chest pain (angina pectoris).
  • Severe shortness of breath (Dyspnea).
  • Feeling of weakness and general weakness.
  • Feeling cold in the legs and feet, this is in the event of a narrowing of the blood vessels in it.

 

Symptoms of heart disease caused by arrhythmias

  • Arrhythmias are arrhythmias that are higher than usual, or less than average, or by any irregular picture.
  • Among the symptoms of heart disease resulting from arrhythmias, the following symptoms:
  • Flutter, or severe chest twitching.
  • Tachycardia - fast heartbeat.
  • Slow heartbeat (Bradycardia slow pulse).
  • Feeling chest pain.
  • Feeling of shortness of breath.
  • Feeling light-headed.
  • Fainting / Syncope, or feeling close to fainting.

 

Symptoms of heart disease in children

Symptoms of heart disease in children as a result of severe congenital disabilities that exist in the heart, and we can detect them during different times, which can be discovered within days. It is possible within weeks, or months after birth, and among the symptoms of heart disease in more children. The severity caused by congenital disabilities in the heart is as follows:
  • We find that the skin is gray, whether it is light gray or blue.
  • Some swelling in the legs, abdomen, and under the eyes is discovered.
  • Feeling of shortness of breath while eating, causes slow weight gain.
  • There are some congenital disabilities, but with less severity, which causes delays in their discovery, and it is possible to discover them in childhood. It is possible to delay discovering them until they reach puberty.
  • Among the symptoms of less severe congenital disabilities are the following:
  • Feeling short of breath and breathing increases when trying to do physical or physical activity.
  • Feeling tired when you make any little effort.
  • Fluid build-up in the heart and lungs.
  • Some swellings appear in the feet, hands, and ankle area.

 

Symptoms of heart disease in young adults

Heart disease in young people differs from the symptoms of the heart in the elderly, as most young people who are exposed to heart disease symptoms come to them suddenly.
Among the symptoms of heart disease in young people, the following symptoms:
  • Sudden fainting: the reason it causes a slow heartbeat, which makes the body unable to keep blood pressure in its normal range, and the inability to supply the brain with large amounts of blood.
  • Shortness of breath: When valve diseases occur, they lose their ability to make blood flow naturally inside the heart, which occurs as a result of the valve's inability to regulate the flow of blood into the heart, which results in difficulty breathing when making any effort.
  • Cough: This cough is the result of the inability of the heart to work efficiently, which leads to the accumulation of fluid in the lungs, which results in problems.
  • Chest pain: individuals feel pain in the bones of the chest and increase in the north, with the burning feeling, which makes some doctors wrongly diagnose it, as they believe it is a stomach ulcer and early diagnosis differentiates a lot, where it is controlled more.
  • Nausea and indigestion: Indigestion occurs due to the lack of blood and oxygen in the digestive system. This is due to the weakening of the heart muscle, which makes the patient feel nauseous and vomiting.
  • Dizziness: The main reason for feeling light-headed is low blood pressure because it doesn't flow properly to the head.
  • Sweating: It is one of the most important signs of a heart attack, especially if the sweating is sudden, and not the result of an effort; sweating occurs because the blood does not flow in adequate quantities as a result of clogging of the blood vessels.
  • Pain extending to the arms: One of the most important symptoms of heart disease in young people and a heart attack is chest pain that extends to the arms, especially the arm on the left side, so when these symptoms occur, the doctor must be consulted immediately.
  • Tumors: As a result of heart diseases, there are some swellings in the feet area, hands area, or fluid retention in the abdominal area, due to the inability of the heart to function normally.

 

Symptoms of heart diseases caused by cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy is intended to increase its thickness and hardness. Still, in the early stages of cardiomyopathy, there is no symptom. Yet, in the event of an increase in the severity and severity of the disease, some of the following symptoms of heart disease appear:
  • Shortness of breath even at rest, and increased shortness of breath when doing anything.
  • Swelling in the legs and ankles, especially in the feet area.
  • Abdominal distension due to fluid accumulation.
  • Feeling tired.
  • There are some heart rhythm disturbances, with palpitations or fluttering.
  • Feeling faint or dizzy.

 

Symptoms of heart disease caused by pollution

Three types of infections occur in the heart, and that leads to diseases, as follows:
  1. Pericarditis, which occurs in the tissues covering the heart.
  2. Myocarditis, which affects the middle layer of the heart muscle.
  3. Endocarditis affects the heart muscle's inner membrane, which separates the rooms from the heart and its valves.
The symptoms of the diseases that are caused by the narrowing of the heart vary, according to the different type of infection he was exposed to, as follows:
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Presence of a fever.
  • General weakness and weakness.
  • The presence of swelling in the legs and feet.
  • There are some changes in the frequency of the heartbeat.
  • Dry cough.
  • The appearance of a rash.

 

Symptoms of heart disease caused by a problem with the heart valves

The heart valves must first be recognized, as the heart has four valves:
  • First valve: Aortic valve.
  • Second valve: Mitral valve.
  • Third valve: Pulmonary valve.
  • Fourth valve: Tricuspid valve.
And all heart valves are done through closing and opening so that you can make the blood flow through the heart. When the heart valves are damaged for any reason, the result of this is a deficiency in the blood flow process.
The symptoms of heart disease that is caused by a problem with the valves stop, according to the valve for any of the four valves that were damaged, including these symptoms:
  • Feeling tired.
  • Inability to make an effort.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Hear heart murmur.
  • Heart rhythm disturbances.
  • Feeling chest pain.
  • Fainting condition.
  • Swelling in the feet and ankles.

 

Causes of the risk of heart diseases

Some dangerous factors lead to heart diseases, including the following factors:
  • One of the main factors is smoking.
  • Malnutrition.
  • Increased cholesterol level in the blood.
  • Having diabetes.
  • Obesity.
  • Lack of movement and physical activities.
  • Stress and anxiety constantly.
  • Poor hygiene.

 

Causes of Cardiovascular Diseases

  • Cardiovascular Diseases, which means several types of cardiovascular diseases, and this name is given to the damage that occurs to the heart and blood vessels due to the occurrence of hardening of the arteries.
  • High pressure helps to make the arterial walls more rigid, less malleable, and thicker, which impedes blood flow naturally to the various organs and tissues of the body. This process is called (atherosclerosis), which is one of the most common types, and it is one of the most common causes of Cardiovascular Diseases.
  • The factors that cause atherosclerosis are multiple, including obesity, smoking, lack of physical activities and little movement, and unhealthy diets.
  • All of these factors increase arteriosclerosis, which leads to the development and increase of Cardiovascular Diseases.

 

Genetic heart disease

  • There are many families, whose heart disease is hereditary, and this is caused by multiple genetic changes, or one genetic change may occur. Some rare cases affect the heart muscle, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, or an electrical system disorder. Such as in the case of long QT syndrome.
  • It is also possible to increase the level of cholesterol in the blood, also is familial hypercholesterolemia. This leads to the incidence of apical disease leading to early coronary artery infection at a young age before the age of fifty. It is produced through multiple polygenic genetic changes.
  • According to many types of research, there are 67 sites in the DNA sequence of heart attack, and we can have one copy or two copies, or we can have any copies, and it is known that the more copies we have, the greater the risk of heart disease and Genetic heart attacks.

 

Diagnosis of heart disease

Heart disease is diagnosed through the following checks and devices:
  • Doing blood tests.
  • The doctor requests an X-ray.
  • Electrocardiogram (E.C.G).
  • Monitor and monitor the heart using a Holter device.
  • Echocardiography.
  • A stress test to find out the ability of the heart to make any effort.
  • Ultrasound imaging of the esophagus and this is used if the results of the echocardiogram appear unclear.
  • Difficulty operations include heart catheterization.
  • Biopsy.
  • A common method of diagnosis is the CT scan.
  • One of the results is a powerful magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

 

Treatment of heart diseases

We can treat heart disease by counting methods, often followed together, including the following treatments:
  • Lifestyle change: by eating a healthy, low-fat diet, getting used to regular light exercise, and avoiding smoking, which is a major cause of heart disease.
  • Medicines: Different medications and treatments that help treat heart disease must be taken along with a change in lifestyle. Doctors prescribe some drugs for heart disease to be controlled and treated properly. In the event of an infection, the doctor prescribes treatments with antibiotics.
  • Surgeries: If the drug treatments were insufficient and didn't produce an effective result, the necessary operations are performed.
We can offer treatment for heart diseases according to the nature of the disease, as follows:
  • Treatment of cardiovascular diseases: Cardiovascular diseases are treated by opening closed arteries, and the type of treatment depends on the degree of constriction. Treatment can be done by changing the lifestyle by making it healthy, with drug treatments, and in the event of these treatments fail, operations are performed.
  • Treating heart rhythm disorders: Treatment of heart rhythm disorders is carried out by taking medications and taking some medical procedures, an artificial pacemaker for the pacemaker to work, a defibrillator implant, and surgery to perform vagus nerve stimulation (StimulationVagal).
  • Treating heart defects: Many simple heart defects don't require treatment, but some defects need to be monitored continuously for drug treatment. Some congenital disabilities need to perform surgeries, depending on the size and type of congenital disability. It may be necessary to make a catheter, and some need a heart transplant or open-heart procedure.
  • Treating cardiomyopathy: Treatment of cardiomyopathy depends on the degree of severity and type of morbidity, and includes the following:
  1. Drug therapy.
  2. Medical types of equipment.
  3. Heart transplants.
  • Pollution treatment: The first treatment for heart infections, or infections in the heart is pericarditis, myocarditis, and endocarditis. It is usually prescribed by prescribing medications, antibiotics, and drugs that work to regulate the heart rate.
  • Treatments for heart disease are associated with the valves depending on the type of valve involved and the severity of the treatment. Treatment is carried out through medication, balloon opening, repair, or repair, or it may be necessary to perform valve replacement.

 

Prevention of heart disease

  • Stay away from smoking.
  • For people with diabetes, cholesterol, and pressure, they must maintain healthy rates.
  • Do some simple motor activities.
  • The distance when eating fatty foods and a healthy diet.
  • Stay away from stress.
  • Maintain weight and treat obesity.
Heart Disease is a serious disease, so preventive measures must be taken in a healthy lifestyle to protect ourselves from exposure to it. When feeling any symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor.
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