Integumentary System

Integumentary System

Integumentary System is a term that may seem strange to some people, as everyone knows about the digestive, respiratory and urinary systems and others... But what is the integumentary system in the body? The answer is that it is the outer cover that covers the body and includes many parts. It has a large set of important vital functions, and it is possible to be exposed to various diseases, and we will review the above in detail through the article's elements.

What are the components of the Integumentary System?

The Integumentary System consists of the skin with all its layers: (epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous tissue), nails, hair, scales, and sweat glands. 

What are the most important functions of the  Integumentary System?

A brief presentation of the most important functions of the integumentary system is following:

  • Storing fat, water, and vitamin D.
  • Expelling the body from waste by taking out sweat.
  • Protecting the body from the hot sun.
  • Adapting the body in case of temperature fluctuations.
  • Prevention of dehydration due to fluid retention.
  • The sensation of heat, touch, pain, pressure, cold, and heat.
  • Protection of internal body organs.

What are the main diseases that can affect the System?


Parts of the integumentary system can be infected; for example, skin, nails, hair ...  Infection is either viral, bacterial, or fungal. Many ways protect human beings from infection of the quilting system with this type of disease, most notably the use of vaccines, attention to sterilization and disinfectants, and in the case of actual infection, diagnosis and treatment are prescribed depending on the nature of the infection and the extent of its aggravation. 


Scabies occurs as a result of infection with itchy mite or scabies. Sarcoptes scabiei causes severe rash and itching; it gets worse at night, the patient's condition may worsen in the absence of treatment. The skin becomes susceptible to dangerous types of bacteria.


Acne is among the common diseases of the Integumentary System, which are blisters that often grow on the face and the neck and upper back area; some experts point out that hormones have a central role in the appearance of acne.


The rash means spots or an infected area that appear red. There are many classifications and forms, and mostly the skin rashes do not represent a significant risk and go away without the need for treatment, some of which need to be treated for medium and long periods of time.


Sunburn, or another name "Sun Apple," is one of the most famous diseases that affect humans' Integumentary System. It occurs due to exposure to excessive amounts of ultraviolet rays. Which causes redness and irritation of the skin. It is considered a natural reaction of the body's immunity towards the damaged cells. It generally happens in the summer and the daytime due to high temperatures.

Athlete's foot

It is one of the fungal diseases that inflict on human skin. Its name given because athletes are the group most susceptible to this disease than others. Where the humidity and high degree of traction increase. As a result of periodic training and the wearing of sports shoes, and"ringworm" is an infectious disease and can transmitted to contacts if you share the use of tools or sports shoes.

Calcinosis cutis

Cutaneous calcification is defined as the deposition of calcium on top of human skin. It occurs as a result of trauma or trauma, insect bites, varicose veins, the high calcium content in the blood, or due to tumors, both benign and malignant.

urinary systems

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