Eczema is one of the dermatology diseases. Dermatology is a disease with a sensitive social dimension, especially if it coincides with infection and with a psychological dimension if it comes with a feeling of persistent itching, which is usually associated with a change in skin physiology, and enhances the patient's desire for social separation. It exposes the person to anxiety and depression, especially if the injury is in open places, such as the neck, head, and arms.
On top of skin diseases is eczema, which leads to an urgent feeling of itching that may awaken the patient from his sleep, and ignite in the form of bouts of itching.
Despite being non-infectious, individuals are alienated from their harmful form, and eczema doesn't yet have a basic treatment. In her treatment is a group of medicinal creams that are most often moisturizing the skin, soothing itchiness.
This case may appear at any age, even in infants, and may disappear in children before school age. It can affect the individual again during the stages of his life, and about eczema and its types and methods of treatment this article.
Eczema can called some type of allergy. Affecting human skin, appearing in the form of skin dryness and redness. It is formed due to eczema small water bubbles, as well as scales, these crusts appear accompanied by severe itching, and many types of them differ according to the person.
What are the types of eczema?
First: (endogenous), atopic, or structural inflammation
It is among the common cases that affect the child at a very young age, it starts from the age of forty days, and it persists for a few years. Its first symptoms are the redness of the child's cheeks, water vesicles, and crusts, appearing accompanied by itchy skin.
The roots often return to one of the family members who had a history of allergic diseases. Allergic diseases are allergic rhinitis, chest allergy, and eye allergy, and this is similar to dry milk in the front of the head. It increases with the age of the affected person, but it usually disappears before school age, and it includes internal eczema origin:
- Seborrheic eczema: it is a common condition that affects areas of a sebaceous nature in the body. Such as breast, eyebrows, eyelashes, ear, and nose, or may affect the scalp, resulting in dandruff, itching, and redness, and in the case of infants, it can cause crusting spots on the small head.
- Atopic dermatitis: It is usually small bubbles accompanied by itching, the most common places being the palm, the soles of the feet, and the fingers and toes.
- Nummular eczema: This type appears as red scaly discs, causing skin burning or itching.
- Simple chronic allergy.
Second: Contact (exogenous)
This type of eczema is redness or itching. As a result of touching some skin irritation materials; As a form of the immune system's reaction to touching these irritants, contact eczema is divided into two parts:
- Poisoning contact eczema: this section is severe and appears in the form of large skin bubbles and results from exposure to the allergen; like (henna painting).
- Allergic contact eczema: This section doesn’t appear until after the patient has been exposed to the allergen for a long time.
Third: Stasis Eczema
Also called (varicose eczema), this type of eczema appears in patients with poor circulation, and its appearance is in the most distant area that the blood reaches, namely the legs. Its appearance in areas other than the legs is rare, and the most critical symptoms: The flatness of the ankle during the day and the disappearance of this bloating when sleeping.
Fourth: Neurodermatitis (Lichen simplex chronicus)
Eczema appears here as episodes of itching in the areas of the arms, the back of the neck, legs, or genital area. This eczema causes scratches and ulcers on the skin, and itching episodes of eruption begin when they go to sleep or relax, which may lead to the patient's wakefulness from sleep.
First: Genetic causes: Genes can cause people with sensitive skin or highly sensitive skin, and this may lead to the appearance of symptoms of eczema.
Second: Social and environmental causes: such as psychological stress - can lead to seizures of eczema.
Third: Some substances are used daily that may be a direct cause of eczema. Like:
- Industrial fabrics, as well as wool.
- Substances that cause dry skin; Like soap.
- The patient is exposed to high temperatures and thus sweating.
- The stress and anxiety caused by any emotional, charged event - such as success in moving to a new home or work - can cause eczema to develop.
Eczema symptoms differ from one person to another, and their severity ranges from simple to severe eczema, and the most critical symptoms of eczema include:
- Redness and irritation of the skin.
- Dryness and sensitivity of the skin are evidence of eczema.
- Eczema is accompanied by crusts and rough spots on the affected skin.
- Severe itching.
- Swelling in some areas of the affected person is a symptom of eczema.
- Skin color change.
- All of these symptoms are more likely to appear, disappear after a while, and only some may occur. Therefore, the patient should consult a doctor to make sure that it is eczema or not. It is also advisable to visit the doctor if some of the following developments occur:
- If the symptoms of eczema prevent the patient from exercising his daily routine and sleeping.
- Despite patient care, and if symptoms persist, a specialist should be visited.
- If you see the effects of the following infection:
- Skin secretions.
- The lines are red.
- Scales yellow.
Eczema is a group of chronic conditions for which there is no special treatment. Still, the symptoms of eczema can be alleviated, itching is prevented by some chemotherapy treatments, and home eczema is treated.
First: Treating with Medicines
There are some medications used to treat these conditions:
- SYNACTHEN DEPOT
- KENACOMB CREAM
- MEDROL TAB 4 MG
- SOLU-MEDROL-INJ.125 MG
- SOLU-MEDROL INJ. 500 MG
- SOLU-MEDROL. INJ. 1000 MG
- ADVENTAN 0.1% SKIN CREAM
- ADVENTAN 0.1% SKIN OINTMENT
- NERISONE 0.1% OINTMENT
- REVISION CREAM
- PANDERM CREAM
- PANDERM OINT
- DEPO MEDROL VIAL 40 MG-ML SAS
- KENACORT 40 MG - 2 ML AMPOULE
- KENACOMB OINTMENT
- KENALOG IN ORABASE (PASTE 0.1%)
Second: home treatment methods
- Treatment with sunlight and light: Treatment of light and sunlight - for ten minutes to fifteen minutes a day - contributes to calming the itch and reducing and inflammation. In addition, light therapy contributes to fighting bacteria and increasing vitamin D production.
- The Witch Hazel Tree extracts creams that have an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect. It has been proven that these creams have an effect similar to that of hydrocortisone, and can be used by a cotton swab, and distributed gently to the areas of blisters and rashes.
- Treatment with wet and cold compresses: When using wet and cold compresses, it may reduce itching in some patients, and children wearing wet sleepwear may reduce itching as well. But shouldn't be used in the event of the appearance of blisters, because moisture may increase eczema infection.
- Moisturizing with coconut oil: among the causes and symptoms of eczema both (dry skin); So it is necessary to moisturize the areas of the body affected by eczema, at least twice daily with coconut oil; As it is anti-fungal, antibacterial, and antimicrobial, it has calming properties for eczema symptoms, and it also speeds up the healing process.
- Eating vital aids: The essential aids women take - during pregnancy and lactation - reduce the development of eczema in children and infants, and contribute to preventing the onset of symptoms.
- Adding drops of licorice extract to coconut oil and applying it to the places of inflammation and itching reduces them.
- Vitamin D therapy prevents eczema in adolescents and children, and can be taken via nutritional supplements, or naturally through the foods that include it. Such as fish, eggs, milk, salmon, sardines, and, according to the correct medical standards, the body must obtain vitamin D daily, by two thousand to five thousand international units. Research has shown that the mother in pregnancy if she does not get enough vitamin D; the risk of developing eczema in a child may increase.
- omega-3 fatty acids: Foods rich in these fats - which are fish - give the immune system a boost and speed up the recovery of children - whose fish enter their diet - from eczema.
- Eating vitamin E or (E) reduces inflammation. Using it locally on the places of inflammation reduces itching, as it speeds up the healing process. Thus, it should be taken daily at a rate determined by the doctor.
Methods related to psychology
(1) Eczema causes the person to feel depression and frustration, as well as causing poor sleep, and lavender oil relieves these symptoms, and contributes to the treatment of dry skin, and is used as follows:
Ten drops of lavender oil are added to a tablespoon of almond oil or coconut oil.
Gently rub the affected area.
(2)Itch Cream: The most common symptom that causes distress and depression in patients is itching; so doctors recommend using a cream that contains coconut oil, raw honey, shea butter, and essential oils.
(3) Mental and physical treatment: Medical research has shown that skin diseases, including eczema, have a psychological basis, and according to researchers, psychological and physical therapies. Such as hypnosis, mental meditation, and muscle sports may not contribute to providing full treatment.
However, it may be a reason to speed up the recovery process from eczema and protect the patient from the emergence of symptoms again.
Neurodermatitis (Lichen simplex chronicus)
Neurodermatitis eczema is a type of eczema, which begins in the form of dermatitis, causing annoying itching in one area of the body, this area may be the chest, anus, genitals, arm, or back of the neck, thigh, leg, or ears, and the development of this eczema May cause the patient to scratch the affected area.
Symptoms of Neurodermatitis eczema
- The emergence of strong pain in the head area; As a result of the appearance of this dermatitis, it is accompanied by severe itching.
- Neurodermatitis eczema may cause hair loss when the patient continues to scratch their scalp.
- When the person with eczema continues to scratch the affected patch, scales appear on the surface of the skin, and the patch tends to rough, red, and violet color.
- When the patient leaves the affected area without treatment, this leads to bleeding and damage to the skin.
Factors involved in Neurodermatitis eczema
- Nervous disorder and anxiety.
- When a patient has other skin infections, he is at risk of Neurodermatitis eczema.
- Individuals with a history of illness - both personal and family - are more affected than others to Neurodermatitis eczema.
- Women are more likely to develop this skin disease than men, especially women between the ages of thirty and fifty.
Treatment of Neurodermatitis eczema
Treating Neurodermatitis eczema includes methods and medications that reduce itching, or combat complications that lead to worse condition and treatment methods are as follows:
- Exposing a patient with this type of eczema to a specific type of light may sometimes reduce the effects of Neurodermatitis eczema.
- Applying ice or cold packs to the affected area will help reduce itching.
- Antihistamines contribute to relieving itching, especially during sleep; some of these medicines may cause drowsiness.
- Anti-itch creams; Such as Tacrolimus, also play a role in treating the condition.
- A doctor may have injected the patients with neuro-dermatitis eczema directly into the affected skin.
- If medications aren't effective, it may be possible to treat the stress and anxiety that increases itching.
Complications of Eczema
- People with the symptoms we mentioned may exposed to infection by bacteria or viruses.
- Scaling of the skin, and coincided with a persistent itch.
- Itching to wake the patient from sleep and cause him sleep problems in the long run.
Eczema and food
Some foods contribute to the treatment, and others lead to the patient's worthless as follows:
Foods that harm a patient
- Foods that cause allergies; Such as peanuts, shellfish, dairy products, and gluten.
- Sugar causes weakened immunity and increases inflammation caused by it.
- Eating fried foods can increase inflammation.
- Non-essential fats and ghee can interfere with essential fats, which are critical in the treatment.
- Ready food and additives make symptoms worse.
Foods that benefit a patient
- Chia or pumpkin seeds: These seeds are rich in zinc, which is essential for fatty acid metabolism and wound healing.
- Foods rich in vital aids: Increase the strength of the immune system, fight the causes, and found in goat's milk.
- skin found in many yellow and orange vegetables.
- Foods rich in fiber: vegetables, fruits, and legumes are foods rich in fiber, and the individual shouldn't share his fiber from at least thirty grams per day, and the benefit of the fiber is that it prevents constipation that causes detoxification in the body, so the body searches for another way in which it expels the toxins, and here the skin appears as an outlet for these toxic elements, and thus enhances the symptoms.
- Fish and flaxseed oil can reduce the symptoms of eczema; because it contains essential fatty acids.
- Foods Rich in Vitamin A: This vitamin is essential for healthy