Diaper Rash (Nappy rash)

Diaper Rash

Diaper Rash is also known as Nappy rash is a common form of skin inflammation (dermatitis) that appears as a patch of bright red skin on your baby's bottom. The number of infectious diseases that a child may exposed to in his early years. Due to its weak immunity, and after most mothers dispense with clothes and cloth in preserving the child's body, another problem arose from using diapers.

The rear and genital area appears to be subject to a type of inflammation with a red color, which may be accompanied by suppurations and convexities, and the skin because it seems to be burned, and this is what doctors called it diaper rash... It has causes, symptoms, methods of treatment, medicines, chemical products, and lotions, and in the end, some factors contribute to its prevention. For more and to know what diaper rash is, here is the following article.

What are the causes?

The infections found in the child's genital area caused by several reasons:

  • Severe moisture and friction, which cause most diaper rash cases; make the skin red and flabby.
  • The diaper doesn't change for a long time, even though the child is frequently defecated and urinated, as both stool and urine cause irritation on the skin.
  • Child's diarrhea.
  • If the nursing mother is eating certain foods, it leads to frequent urination of the baby.
  • Neglecting the child's hygiene, and not keeping the change regularly.
  • Use plastic diapers, which used to protect against leakage.
  • Some diseases may lead to diaper rash; Such as sensitive skin and eczema.
  • Using the mother to protect the child isn’t used to, as it may irritate the child's skin.
  • The mother uses some detergent that leads to infections to the baby, resulting in diaper rash; Such as baby lotion, regular soap, and lotion.
  • Some solid foods contain high sugar. Such as vegetables and fruits.
  • Diaper Rash may produce when using cloth diapers; Staying wet causes irritation to the skin.

Diaper Rash Diseases

Impetigo

These are infectious skin bacteria. This infection appears not only in the preservation zone but also in the face and hands of the child. It is usually accompanied by itching of the skin, caused by ulcers of honey color, in addition to blisters, care should be taken carefully in dealing with these infectious bacteria, Family members should increase their use of antibacterial soap. To prevent an outbreak of infection and treat diaper rash in this case, the doctor will prescribe a type of antibiotic, either as a cream or as a tablet given orally.

Heat rash

The heat rash is similar to pink and small speckle, similar to its distribution on the skin by acne, and diaper rash caused by high temperature and humidity. As a result of the buildup of sweat on the skin of the child, his confinement, and the prevention of evaporation, it also results from pressure to maintain the skin. Especially if the diaper liner is made of plastic or the diaper cover is in direct contact with the child's skin, this type of diaper rash is widespread after the third month of the child's age.

Seborrheic dermatitis

  • This skin disease may affect a young child in its first year, and the mother will notice some high red patches with a rough texture. They are covered with some thick white or yellow scales, causing diaper rash diaphragm in the genital organs, and the lower abdomen.
  • And when this type of skin disease appears on the scalp of a newly born child. This disease is called "the cortex on the head of the boy," meaning that it isn't limited to the preservation zone only, to treat this common disease, there are ointments sold in pharmacies without a prescription. Such as cortisone or hydrocortisone, with the mother keeping very dry and cleanliness of the mother. If the ointments didn't result in consulting a pediatrician, he might prescribe a strong ointment from cortisone to her child.

What are the symptoms?

Diaper rash begins in infants over the age of nine months; this occurs due to increased amounts of urine produced by children from this age. Thus their skin remains moist for a long time; in addition to that, children begin to eat foods that produce different acids in the urine; these acids cause this skin disease... diaper rash occurs in areas of skin contact with preservation. There are opportunities for it to spread outside that area in the form of small red spots.

If there is a bright red bump, the doctors say: it may be a yeast infection, and if pus appears, the inflammation here is bacterial, and the symptoms of the rash here include the following:

  • When you wash or touch the back of the child, he starts crying.
  • The child refuses to sleep and doesn't feel comfortable, which is evident when changing the diaper.
  • The area around the child's reproductive system is red, and sometimes the genitals and thighs swell.
  • The child has a fever (high fever).
  • A diaper rash extends to the reproductive system.
  • Pimples and boils appear on the back and thighs.
  • The problem develops even though the mother places an ointment on the thighs.
  • Pus and secretions appear.
  • The presence of severe pain around the areas affected by irritation.
  • The presence of pus.
  • Burrs.

Prevention of diaper rash

  • First: The mother changes her baby's preservation after he defecates.
  • Second: The mother washes the area of ​​preservation with warm water, and the mother should pay attention to not using soap, except if the area is filthy, and a light soap can be used.
  • Third: the mother must constantly inspect the preservation; to avoid prolonged exposure to moisture and moisture.
  • Fourth: To prevent diaper rash, the diaper is proven without tension or relaxation; to allow air to pass through it.
  • Fifth: Keep watch closely; if the child has diarrhea, or takes antibiotics, in which case the mother changes the diapers at a faster rate.
  • Sixth: There is a type of diaper used only once; the mother can try it. Because it has a thin cream layer on the contact layer with the skin of the child, this layer contributes to keeping the baby's skin dry and protecting him from diaper rash, especially if the baby's skin is of a sensitive type.
  • Seventh: The mother must commit to washing her hands after changing diapers to prevent the spread of bacteria, whether for the mother or other places in the child's body, or even for her other children.

Treatment

  1. Doctors recommend not using wet wipes, which contain propylene glycol or alcohol; because using them to clean a child with a diaper rash burns the skin, and spreads bacteria on it.
  2. There is an abundance of medicines available to treat diaper rash. The mother can consult a doctor or pharmacist about the most suitable for her child, and the most prominent of these medicinal materials used in treatment (zinc oxide). Apply as a thick layer on the baby's skin to smooth out the skin and maintain it.

Treatments lead by babies mothers

  1. The mother must dispose of the diaper and leave the child without it for a period that allows air to pass through. Until the area where the rash occurs, it dries up, and that this procedure works to prevent the rash from happening again, just as the child feels more comfortable, and if the mother puts on the preservation, she must not tighten it.
  2. The mother is obliged not to give the child any juices; it makes the urine irritating to the skin a lot, except cranberry juice, the mother can give it to a child over the age of one year. It is also recommended that specialist doctors provide the child with water; this makes urine concentration low.
  3. It is advised to do an oatmeal bath and lukewarm water for the child for ten minutes, and this procedure will make the child feel relief from itching, which he suffers after he has a diaper rash... (3/4 cup of oats are ground, until it becomes like flour, and added to the water).
  4. The mother should refer to the doctor and consult him if the rash persists, and the condition doesn’t improve for several days.
  5. If the mother used it with her child to protect the cloth, he used it several times; we should move to use a one-time use of diapers. A diaper rash can appear as a reaction to using products made from fabric, which equipped to used several times, and may not be a reaction to the cloth only, but rather to use detergents that used to wash cloth diapers.
  6. Give the child large quantities of fluids to make the urine less concentrated.
  7. It is offered to children who exceeded one year and adult’s juice on an acidic basis, while at the same time, the person avoids eating other juices; because its effect may be harmful to the skin.
  8. The mother should avoid some products because they may contain toxic substances to the child; Such as benzocaine, chains, phenols, camphor, and boric acid.

Preparations and ointments used to treat diaper rash

These products used over the counter, but it may be helpful to consult a doctor or pharmacist before using them.

  • Cream A + D.
  • Balmex drug.
  • Desitin drug.
  • Triple Paste Cream.
  • Lotrimin.

Adult diaper rash

For adults, diaper rash occurs in the genital area, including Neglecting adult personal hygiene, and not taking them with the necessary health protection methods, after hiking, in addition to sweating. The reasons for diaper rash for adults also using a type of internal protective clothing. If there are, for example, the elderly who can't control the urination process or defecation, which  called medicine (incontinence), or loss of control in urine and stools, these causes lead to diaper rash.

What prohibited in diaper rash and its treatment

  • First: There drugs used to treat adults. Which used in the manufacture of yeast, and intended to treat vaginal contamination in adults. These drugs (prevent) used in the treatment of diaper rash, which affects young children.
  • Second: Cornstarch not used in diaper rash and its treatment; because the use of this type of starch can result in the formation of germs.
  • Third:  to use so-called soapy stone powder (talcum powder). Because it may collect skin folds, which may lead to pollution and the formation of germs.

Treating diaper rash

In alternative medicine:

  • Breast milk: Medical studies have shown that breast milk is as effective in treating diaper rash as it is hydrocortisone.
  • Witch hazel plant (hamamelis): Ointments containing this plant have shown to treat 309 children.

It appeared that it was possible to treat a diaper rash in children when using mud shampoo or (bentonite).

Doctors have managed to treat a diaper rash in children with aloe vera and calendula.

Certain substances such as evening primrose, honey mixture, and olive oil have tried, but complications may result from their use in treating diaper rash; some of these substances may increase the growth of bacteria.

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